History of Indian Music

Indian music is regarded as one of the oldest in the world and reflects the rich cultural and traditional values of the country. The history of Indian music is as old as the history of the nation itself. According to Indian mythology, the divine sage Narada was the first sage to whom the laws of music were revealed and he brought the art of music from heavens and introduced it to Earth. Tumburu is considered as the first singer ever to use the art of music for singing. Goddess Saraswati is considered as the goddess of music and learning. It is believed that the sacred sound ‘Om’ is the holy origin to all other sounds and music on this earth.

History of Indian music dates back to the prehistoric times when the Vedas were created. The colloquial term for music ‘sangeet’ includes vocal singing and instrumental music accompanied by dance. Historically, devotional Indian music was played in the royal court and temples of India, and hymns were written by learned men especially appointed for this very purpose. Indian music has two important elements — the ‘raag’ and the ‘taal’. While ‘raag’ implies melodic modes used in Indian classical music, ‘taal’ implies the rhythm of music.

The musical chanting of the Samaveda and instrumental music characterized the vedic music that became famous between 1500 BC and 500 BC. Marga sangeet became famous during the period between 500 BC and 200 BC. During this period, Ramayana, the oral epic, was composed by the sage Valmiki in the form of musical verses.

The period between 200 BC and 300 AD is the period when music and dance gained prominence. Chhalikya, a genre of songs in the ancient Gandharva mode of music making (the techniques of playing musical instruments), and the Hallisaka dance gained a lot of popularity during this period.

The period between 300 AD and 600 AD was famous for the great musical works of Kalidasa. During this period the Gupta kings popularized music in sacrificial areas, temple premises, stages and in the royal courts. Temple spaces were used to create and popularize new genre of music. Music was popularized through the Puranas. Sama-gayan evolved into the mainstream music of this period. Dattilam, the musical textbook helped develop the melodic jati-gayan.

The period between 600 AD and 1700 AD was heavily influence by the Mughal culture. With the invasion of the Mughals, the music of northern and central India got heavily influenced by Arabic and Persian cultures and led to the birth of a new form of music known as Hindustani music. However, the music of south India, known as Carnatic music, never got influenced by any invaders and remains the same till this day.

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Prospects of US Music Gear Industry

When we talk about the music gear industry, we mean the businesses and organizations that record, produce, publish, distribute, and market recorded music. The music publishers, recording industry, and the record production companies have a great impact in molding the US music gear industry.

The growing music industry in the US has enhanced the growth of music gear industry in many ways. There are a number of establishments engaged in the retail sales of musical gear. As the music industry grows hand in hand with technology the demand for their products also grows. The total market share of these musical instruments is about 69% of the overall marketplace.

With the changing trends in the music industry with regard to new genre music that requires techno sound, computer software is made use of to facilitate playback, recording, composition, storage and performance. There are a number of online communities of composers, performers, teachers and manufacturers who have an interest in making or supporting music making with computers.

The growth in the music gear industry has brought about the sequencer software, which is the widely used form of software in music technology. This device allows you to record audio MIDI musical sequences.

The music gear commonly found in a recording studio includes the mixing console, Multitrack recorder, microphones and the reference monitors which are loudspeakers with a flat frequency response. And in recent years these equipments include Digital Audio Workstation, music workstation and outboard effects such as compressors, reverbs and equalizers.

Musicians and composers all along had a desire to integrate stereos, turntables, recording equipments, MIDI keyboards and even electric guitars with computers. The music gear industry soon witnessed a serious computer-based composition with the Atari ST, Amiga and Mac computer systems. Technologists continue to seek more integrated, easier to use and higher performance tools for audio creation tasks. Many current Digital Audio Workstations even support integration with video streams allowing full production.

There is a great development in every sphere of the music gear industry. The developments of new versions of music gear are on the rise as competition is also high. Specialized manufacturers are coming up with new improved versions of music gear.

Some of the latest equipments in the music gear industry are described in the following paragraphs.

The multi track recorder is ideal for a high-quality digital recording studio, with amazing Zoom MRS-802BCD Digital Multitrack Recording Studio with CD burner. It offers eight mono tracks, a discrete stereo track for its drum machine, great zoom effects, and full mixing, editing and CD burning capabilities.

The best selling studio mixer is the Phonic MU802 8-input Compact Audio Mixer. This mixer is known as the box that rocks in the music gear industry as it is designed for both studio and live performances. The Soundcraft Gigrac 1000 studio mixer lets you fine-tune your sound with 1000 watts of power, digital quality effects and a 7-band equalizer for each channel.

Another equipment in the music gear industry that has made a lot of difference in audio recording is the high quality studio monitor. One of the best selling products now is the Samson Resolv 65 Studio Monitor and Fostex PMO 5.5 inch Active Studio Reference Monitor, ideal for remote and small project studios.

Here, we have seen the latest and the top quality equipments that can produce optimum output. This may cost a little more but it is economical. Buying the latest product will save you from all the hassles of upgrading your recording system every now and then. These developments have tremendous impact on the quality of the performane.

Original Article by Victor Epand

Nintendo DS Movie Player Plays Movies and Music On Your Nintendo DS and GBA

I’m always searching for the latest gadgets and game accessories. Be they from third party manufacturers or from the system creators themselves. But I have to admit that when I first heard about Nintendo’s Movie Player add on for the Nintendo DS, I was very surprised.

The reason for my surprise was quite simple. You see, I’ve been watching movies on my Game Boy Advance and Nintendo DS, well, since their release date, with a really fantastic little accessory called the NDS / GBA Movie player.

After doing some searching on Google, I am equally surprised that more Nintendo DS (or Game Boy Advance) owners have not heard of this truly unexampled accessory for their Nintendo DS. It seems that perhaps with all the hype around the Sony PSP and it’s movie playing capabilities, we’ve all neglected to take a look at the less expensive Nintendo DS as anything other than a handheld game system.

What really made this accessory a must buy for myself, was the fact that in addition to movies, I was also able to listen to my MP3 music on my Nintendo DS too – just like Sony PSP owners can. I won’t go into the debate as to which handheld system is better, or offers more… That’s would negate the real reason for this article, which is simply to show Nintendo DS and Game Boy Advance owners that their fun little handheld game system is capable of playing all types of media files too.

The GBA/NDS Movie Player enables you to use your Nintendo DS, Game Boy Advance, Game Boy Advance SP, or Game Boy Micro to play video and audio files and read e-books from standard Compact Flash cards. And before you think that you’ll only be able to watch movie clips or short films, let me be clear in stating that you can watch an entire full length movie with the Movie Player. You can use your PC and a normal Compact Flash card reader to transfer and convert your media files to the Compact Flash cards. The included software even converts files directly from DVD to the proper movie Player format.

And before you think that it’ll take a rocket scientist to convert their DVD movie to the proper file type – think again! The software is so very easy to use, that it requires you to do nothing more than insert the DVD movie you wish to convert, or the digital file if you have it. While this is not any special format so to speak, as the UMD movie discs are for Sony PSP. You can actually take any DVD movie you own, and convert it with the included software to be played back on your Nintendo DS system. What this means is that you’re not stuck buying multiple versions of the same movie to watch that movie on the go.

One of the most common question that I’m asked is whether or not the movie player can actually store and play back a full length movie from a compact flash card. I can completely understand why this would be confusing. I mean, let’s face it, DVD movies are several GIGABYTES in size, how could these possibly fit on a small 256 Megabyte CF card.

I always answer that question with the very same answer. It can play full length movies just fine. But in case you’re wondering just how that may be possible, let me explain. It has a lot to do with the screen size of the GBA and Nintendo DS. Because the screen is much smaller, the file size of the full length movie can be much smaller too, simply because it does not have to maintain a very high resolution the same way it would if you were to watch that movie on your TV set. In essence, it “down converts” the DVD movie, to make it fit right onto the GBA or Nintendo DS screen, otherwise you would have to scrool left to right and up and down in order to see the whole video.

For those of you wondering just how how big your Compact Flash card has to be to enjoy a full movie, here’s a breakdown of the amount of video you can store on common compact flash card sizes. And I have to remind you to take into consideration that most movies are no more than 95 – 110 minutes long. This will give you a real indication of just how much you can stare on each card.

The following is a list of the amount of storage you can have on various compact flash cards. 960 minutes on a 1GB Compact Flash, 480 minutes on a 512MB Compact Flash, 240 minutes on a 256MB Compact Flash, and 120 minutes on a 128MB Compact Flash. As you can see, even a 128M compact flash card is adequate to store a full length movie.

In order to watch a movie on the GBA Movie Player, you’ll first have to use your PC to convert the DVD movie to the proper file format for the player itself. This can be done quite easily with the included software that comes with the GBA Movie Player itself. And don’t forget. You can do a whole lot more than just watch movies. You can actually listen to MP3 music, read e-books, and even load PDA type software onto the Compact Flash card which will essentially turn your Nintendo DS into a very functional PDA.

Rather than waiting for the Nintendo DS movie player, which will be released sometime next year by Nintendo themselves, I would urge all NDS owners to take a look at the GBA/NDS Movie Player. It’s packed with functions and features, and has a price that simply can’t be beat. Even when adding up the cost of a Nintendo DS and the Movie Player, you’ll find that you’re still at par, or cheaper than most good quality portable DVD players.

And let’s face it, you simply can’t put a portable DVD player in your pocket, or have it play the latest Mario game either.

Original Article by Steven Fields